Antimicrobial Use (AMU) and Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)

Antimicrobial Use (AMU) and Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global problem arising from the use of antimicrobials (or antibiotics) in both humans and animals.

‘Animal Health Canada, livestock producer organizations, provincial and federal governments, veterinarians, the animal pharmaceutical industry, and other stakeholders in animal agriculture have demonstrated leadership by being active on the topic of antimicrobial use (AMU) and antimicrobial resistance (AMU/AMR) for many years. There are many active initiatives that contribute to finding solutions, provide communication opportunities with producers and veterinarians, reduce risk of disease, and foster appropriate use of antimicrobials.’ (source: Antimicrobial Stewardship in Food Animals in Canada: Progress on Recommendations and Stakeholder Activities -2019)

As a complex, multi-faceted, and increasing public health threat, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared AMR as one of the top ten public health threats facing humanity. Effective response and preparedness require a One Health approach – one that recognizes the close interplay between human health, animal health, and their shared environment.

In recognition of the growing threat of AMR, the Government of Canada, in collaboration with federal, provincial, and territorial partners developed and finalized the Pan-Canadian Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance (PCAP). The PCAP released in June 2023 provides a 5-year multi-jurisdictional and multi-sectoral roadmap for concerted action to address AMR.

In October 2023, Animal Health Canada in partnership with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada began a project to develop the leadership and plan for the implementation of the Pan-Canadian Action Plan for AMR in animal health.

Leadership action for the Pan-Canadian Action Plan for AMR in animal health:

Current and previous work on AMU/AMR:

Animal Health Canada initiatives and reports for AMU/AMR: